Wind energy is generated by converting wind currents into other forms of energy using wind turbines. Winds are generated by complex mechanisms involving the rotation of the Earth, the heat capacity of the sun, the cooling effect of the oceans and polar ice caps, temperature gradients between land and sea, and the physical effects of mountains and other obstacles.
Wind turbines convert the force of the wind into a torque (rotational force), which is then used to propel an electric generator to create electricity. Wind energy power stations (known as wind farms) commonly aggregate the output of multiple wind turbines through a central connection point to the electricity grid. Across the world there are both on-shore (on land) and off-shore (out to sea) wind energy projects.
According to the Armenian Wind Atlas the most perspective areas for grid connected wind power development inArmenia from purely wind power resource point of view are corresponds to the windClass from 4 to 7 (Good and Excellent classes). Electricity tariff in Armenia supplied from wind farm is 45.6 AMD kW/h, VAT excluded.
Table and figure bellow summarise theresults of Wind Atlas for this territories of Armenia. The perspective areas for wind power in Armenia are limited and located mostly on remote mountainous passes typically with high elevation (2000 m and more) with limited and hard access.
According to the Armenian Wind Atlas the most perspective areas for grid connected wind power development in Armenia from purely wind power resource point of view are corresponds to the wind Class from 4 to 7 (Good and Excellent classes). Electricity tariff in Armenia supplied from wind farm is 45.6 AMD kW/h, VAT excluded.
Table and figure bellow summarise the results of Wind Atlas for this territories of Armenia. The perspective areas for wind power in Armenia are limited and located mostly on remote mountainous passes typically with high elevation (2000 m and more) with limited and hard access.
Wind Resource Utility Scale Wind Class Wind Power at 50m height Wind Speed at 50m height Total Area Windy Land Total Capacity Installed
W/m2 m/s km2 % MW
Good 4 400-500 7.5-8.1 503 1.8% 2500
Excellent 5 500-600 8.1-8.6 208 0.7% 1050
Excellent 6 600-700 8.6-9.5 165 0.6% 850
Excellent 7 >800 >9.5 103 0.4% 500
TOTAL 7 3.5% 4900